The Black Sox Scandal
No, the “Black Sox” weren’t an old-school baseball team from the early 20th century that was eventually renamed. Rather, “The Black Sox Scandal” refers to arguably the most blatant case of a team “throwing” the outcome of a game — or in this case, the World Series.
In the 1919 World Series, eight members of the Chicago White Sox were charged to have helped intentionally lose the series against the Cincinnati Reds, in exchange for receiving monetary incentives from famed New York City mobster Arnold Rothstein. The eight players were permanently banned from baseball, and were completely disqualified from ever being in consideration for the Baseball Hall of Fame.